By Jordon Kelly, Research Analyst at the ISF
Of his new national security appointments, president elect Biden said they would demonstrate the US’ commitment to: ‘work with our allies and friends to ensure the cyber rules of the road are made by democracies.’ As we close the door on a turbulent period in international relations, what are the opportunities for renewed international collaboration on cyber security, what aspects of cyber should Biden be focusing on, and how can the industry make its voice heard?
A recurring message rang out in US President Biden’s inauguration speech on 20th January 2021. A message of unity and a need to come together in order to face the monumental challenges in the world today. Whilst President Biden’s message was directed towards the American people in a bid to begin healing a fractured country, it holds weight that extends beyond the boundaries of the US.
Opportunities for renewed international cooperation on cyber security:
In 2016, the Member states of NATO officially confirmed cyberspace as the 5th domain of warfare. In 2021, the Biden Administration should reaffirm this position with allies and further raise the profile of cyber as a matter of existential risk. There is now a greater need to move this conversation beyond the military context to achieve international cooperation on the implications of cyber for business and society more widely. The international community should not only look to address cyber threats, but also consider the use of cyber as a means for innovation and growth.
As a permanent Member on the United Nations Security Council, the US has the status and opportunity to influence the conversation, highlighting the growing risk posed by adversarial actors at state level and the significant growth in capability by organised criminal groups. The Biden Administration should push for greater collaboration between states and for increased investment in new and existing mechanisms to help combat these threats.
As cyber plays an increasing role across the world, President Biden and his Administration have an opportunity to renew international cooperation on cyber security and take a more prominent role in developing cyber norms and values aimed at promoting a safe, secure and united cyberspace for all.
What aspects of cyber should Biden focus on?
One of the biggest challenges for the Biden Presidency will be addressing the growing risks posed by asymmetric threats. Given the current global climate and the enduring impact of disinformation, there are now calls for the appointment of a senior official and even a state department solely dedicated to defending against such threats. The growing capability of malicious actors to produce advanced synthetic media such as deepfakes, alongside the rampant dissemination of disinformation, means that the US and its allies should place the threat of information warfare and the assault on truth at the top of their agenda.
Whilst the President has already proposed a $9 billion investment in IT and cybersecurity to overhaul US cyber capabilities, this must extend beyond technical systems and improvements to aging infrastructure: there should be more resources made available for cyber initiatives and investments in people. While this focus is to be commended, it will only have the desired effect if it extends beyond the President’s first 100 days in office. Founder and director of the Center for Long Term Cybersecurity at the University of California at Berkeley, Steve Weber has gone as far as to say, “It’s the first 1,000 days horizon where concrete progress can be made.” A long-term plan to build resilient cyber operational and strategic capabilities is much needed.
President Biden’s recently confirmed political appointments show the value and importance of experience, expertise and diversity as reigning principles for effectively upholding national security. Cyber security would benefit immensely from a similar approach, especially if it translates to a shift towards interdisciplinary and cross-sector collaboration. With this in mind, the Biden Administration should renew focus on developing the cyber security workforce and the education needed for an unpredictable and uncertain future.
How can the industry make its voice heard?
The work and commitment of the cyber security community to date should not go uncelebrated. Cyber is a tireless arena of battle, one that is filled with humans and machines that are capable of monumental feats of both good and bad. The community needs to do more to vocalise and address the impact that cyber attacks have, not only on systems and institutions but also on the security workforce.
As an industry, we should be looking to encourage increased collaboration across sectors and geographic borders to grow and nurture talent. Combatting future adversarial actors will require skillsets beyond the traditional technical domains. Increased collaboration between academia and industry is therefore essential to prepare the next generation of cyber specialists with the necessary skills and knowledge to combat a growing number of complex threats.
The recent appointment of a Federal chief information security officer to the Biden Administration is a welcome step in raising the profile of cyber and information security specialists across both business and government. Tackling the complex and often overwhelming threat landscape requires cyber security professionals to build new and more varied relationships beyond the specialisms of their field. Acknowledging the need to decode cyber concepts so they can be more easily understood by leaders and decision makers alike will be of vital importance.
Cyber security can no longer be viewed at a micro level that operates within its own individual silos and echo chambers. Instead the industry as a whole must move towards a united state of security, one that is ready and eager to work alongside governments and the wider security community. Most importantly, the industry needs to recognise that in order to be heard, it needs to be part of the conversation.
President Biden’s inaugural speech reflects a need to reach out in the spirit of unity and collaboration; a message not only to the American people but for us all to take on board. As an industry and a community, cyber professionals will play a pivotal but increasingly complicated role in the coming years and will need to come together to combat the many challenges ahead.